accepting of this lifestyle. Possibly more awareness should be made accessible to the people

through such media as television, magazine articles, and higher education systems. Without
further info about the lifestyle, preconceived attitudes and prejudices will continue
to flourish. Through my studies and observations on social nudism, I find the lifestyle can
be quite wholesome and beneficial to one’s mind, body, and spirit.
Title: Early childhood exposure to parental nudity and scenes of parental sexuality
(‘primal scenes’): an 18-year longitudinal study of consequence
Date: 1998
Author: Paul Okami, Richard Olmstead, Paul R. Abramson, Laura Pendleton

Publication: Archives of Sexual Behavior. Volume: . Issue: 4
Rising amounts of academic researchers and clinicians have suggested that conducts
such as exposure of a child to parental nudity or scenes of parental sexuality (“primal
scenes”) represent subtle kinds of sexual abuse that formerly have gone unrecognized
(Atteberry Bennett, 1987; Bolton, Morris and MacEachron, 1989; cf. Bottfield, 1992;
Conte, cited in Best, 1990; Haynes-Seman and Krugman, 1989; Kritsberg, 1993; Krug,
1989; Lewis and Janda, 1988; Sroufe and Fleeson, 1986). Such subtle sexual abuse referred to as syndromes like “maternal seductiveness,” “emotional incest syndrome,”
“Mental sexual abuse,” “covert sexual abuse,” and “sexualized focus” – may also
include less easily defined behaviours for example parent “flirtatiousness,” or unsuitable and
excessive displays of physical affection (cf. Sroufe and Fleeson, 1986).
As Okami (1995) suggested, however, such issue isn’t awesome. That’s, although ” have lately entered the discourse on sexual abuse, some of the behaviors
that make up them have long held places in the pantheon of improper parenting
practices. For example, two decades ago, Esman (1973) observed that just one of these
practices – exposure of the kid to primal scenes – has been indicted in 75 years of
psychoanalytic, psychiatric, and psychological literature as the principal etiologic agent in
virtually every type of child and adult pathology. Nonetheless, Esman concluded that, “One
is moved to question whether we are here faced with one of those scenarios in which
a theory, by explaining everything, succeeds in explaining nothing” (pp. 64-65).
In the present article we report results of the first longitudinal investigation of long term
correlates of exposure to parental nudity and primal scenes. Behaviors such as parent
flirtatiousness and inappropriate displays of physical affection weren’t examined
because at the time the study was conceived (early 1970s) few, if any, commentators
considered such behaviors to be seriously debatable.
Exposure to Parental Nudity
Data bearing on the question of long term outcomes of the variants in question are
Exceptionally scant, although speculative hypotheses – frequently framed as important
pronouncements of fact – are simple to come by (Okami, 1995). For example, only three
empirical articles have addressed the dilemma of childhood exposure to parent and other
Mature nudity: Lewis and Janda (1988); Oleinick et al. (1966); and Storyline (1979). In several
other cases, descriptive, self-report studies of societal naturist or other groups practicing
casual nudity have been conducted without comparison groups (Berger, 1977; Hartman et
al., 1991; Johnson and Deisher, 1973; Smith and Sparks, 1986). Generally, the tone of all

of this work is antialarmist, representing youth exposure to nudity as benign.
Besides these tentative efforts to accumulate data, writings on this subject consist of
theory-driven clinical opinion and commentaries by child-rearing specialists. In contrast
to the above-mentioned empirical work, the clinical writings generally represent the opinion
that exposure to nudity may be traumatic as an outcome of (i) premature and excessive
stimulation in a manner controlled by the adult, leaving the child feeling powerless; (ii)
the kid’s negative comparison between their own human body and the grownup’s; or
(iii) the intensification of Oedipal want and consequent anxiety (Baruch, 1959, also
cited in Lewis and Janda, 1988, p. 350; DeCecco and Shively, 1977; Justice and Justice,
1979; Peltz, 1977; Solnit, 1977; Spock, 1945).
Given the vehemence with which clinicians and child-rearing specialists frequently condemn
Youth exposure to parental nudity, it is paradoxical that their dire forecasts aren’t
supported by the (light) empirical work that does exist. Findings are at worst neutral or
Equivocal as to interpretation, and there is even the consequence of possible favorable
Advantages in these studies (particularly for boys) in realms such as self-reported relaxation
with physical affection (Lewis and Janda, 1988) and favorable “body self-concept” (Narrative,
1979). Although these investigations are methodologically limited, their results are
consistent with the view of a smaller group of kid-rearing specialists and other